I just got sued for a debt. What should I do?

lawsuit 2If a creditor files a lawsuit against you for a debt you do owe them then you can fight the case and try to win in court.  Chances are though that the creditor can prove that you owe them so you will have a tough time winning.  It is possible that the creditor cannot prove that you owe the debt but these creditors are usually not stupid.  (I wrote about this before in a previous blog here).

They will most likely produce in court some sort of proof that you indeed owe this particular debt.  They will have copies of your original contract you signed for a credit card for instance and some sort of monthly tabulation for the charges.  If that is the case then it is hard to argue that you do not owe the debts.

You can try to stall the case for a certain amount of time and ask for a trial date which will stall it further.  The creditor though will then often file a motion for summary judgment based upon their evidence.  They will use this motion try to get a quick judgment so they can begin collecting the debt from you.

If you have evidence that warrants a trial then you can get one possibly but if they have sufficient proof of your owing them then you are likely to lose at trial.  If you win then you are off the hook but if you lose then the creditor will begin to collect the debt from you.

At some point before the trial you will want to consider making payments to them or take the other way out which is bankruptcy.  Bankruptcy will stop this lawsuit and wipe out not only this debt but bankruptcy sign 2also all of your other debts.  Bankruptcy is an excellent lawsuit destroyer.  Bankruptcy will usually cost less than hiring an attorney to fight the suit and if you fight it yourself and lose then you will still probably owe the creditor for the debt and their attorney fees and costs.

I recommend consulting a bankruptcy attorney before you start the process to see if you qualify for bankruptcy and to see if bankruptcy makes sense for you.  It is possible that you have too much income or too many assets to file or you may have too few debts to justify a bankruptcy.

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I am a San Diego bankruptcy attorney.  For further questions please visit my websites at www.farquharlaw.com or www.freshstartsandiego.com.  Or call my office for a free consultation or for any other advice about bankruptcy or debt at (619) 702-5015. Call now for free credit report and analysis!

For a free e-book on “13 things to do to prepare for your bankruptcy filing” please e-mail me at farquharesq@yahoo.com.

Lawsuit photo courtesy of thinboyfatter.  Bankruptcy sign courtesy of wes gaddy.

What is better when I am in debt, a debt settlement company or a bankruptcy attorney?

The answer to this question is easy.  A bankruptcy attorney is better than a debt settlement company and bankruptcy is almost always better than debt settlement if you wish to do it.  If you have debts but you don’t want to file bankruptcy for some reason then debt settlement through an attorney can be a good alternative.

I often settle debts for my clients who don’t wish to do a bankruptcy.  We look at the  client’s situation, evaluate the debts and the amounts owed, and we propose a settlement.  This settlement is forwarded to the creditors and in the settlement proposal we state that everyone must agree of my client will go bankrupt and the creditor will get nothing.

Creditors usually realize that bankruptcy attorneys will file a bankruptcy without a problem and they usually come around and agree to some type of settlement.  It does help though to have money to settle with as getting the creditors to accept payments is tough.  They want to settle the entire account if they are to take a reduced amount.  Remember that the collection agencies have bought this debt for pennies on the dollar so a definite reduced amount is far better than an uncertainty or nothing at all.

Debt settlement companies that say they specialize in settling debts (the ones that you see advertised constantly) are probably not a good option in my opinion.  These companies are very expensive, take a long time, and you get no legal protection.  My clients often pay thousands of dollars to these companies and sometimes they get few or none of their debts settled in the end.  (See my article on my website about debt settlement companies).

Clients come to me after having been sued by one of their creditors that was supposed to be taken care of in the settlements.  The client then often decides to go bankrupt anyway.  When we examine the contract the client signed with the debt settlement company we find that they are indeed paying thousands of dollars to have these people “settle” their debts.  The client then discovers that the settlement companies always put in their contracts that the companies don’t provide any legal protection if a creditor decides to sue.

And the creditors will sue.  These settlement companies work by charging you a large monthly fee which mostly goes to pay them in the beginning.  Then when you get done paying them they start putting money away for the creditors so they can offer them settlements one by one.  There is no assurance that the creditors will accept the settlement and the creditors who are last in line often sue anyway.

That is when we bankruptcy attorneys are called when it is too late to save you the money.  We can file the bankruptcy and get you out of the debts but if you had called us first we would have saved you the thousands you spent on the debt settlement company for nothing.

If you hire an attorney in the first place you would not only save money but by law the creditors would have to call us and not you.  Creditors are unlikely to sue once you engage an attorney because they know they must cease all contact with you by law and if they do file a lawsuit then we bankruptcy attorneys can immediately file your bankruptcy case and stop their lawsuit in its tracks.  The creditors would then lose all their filing fees and attorney fees and the underlying debt.

You can see that the creditors are thus very motivated to settle once a bankruptcy attorney enters the picture.  Call a bankruptcy attorney if you are thinking about settling your debts.  The attorney can file a bankruptcy or get you the best deal on a settlement probably far cheaper than a debt settlement company.

I am a San Diego bankruptcy attorney.  Please visit my websites at www.farquharlaw.com or www.freshstartsandiego.com for more info. about any of these topics.  Or call my office for a free consultation at (619) 702-5015.  Call now for free credit report and analysis! 

For a free e-book: “13 THINGS YOU SHOULD DO TO PREPARE FOR YOUR BANKRUPTCY FILING” please send a request by e-mail to: farquharesq@yahoo.com.

Go ahead and file bankruptcy! What are you waiting for? Those debts don’t get any better with age!

Debts are not like wine.  They get much worse with age.  All sorts of fees, penalties, attorney costs, and other costs get added to them including interest.  The total amount owed can double or even triple in size.  As time goes on even more and more money is owed to these creditors.

The creditors will not go away either.  This is something that I continually warn my clients about.  They will continue to sell you debt and increase it as it goes.  Debt collection is one of the biggest industries in this country because it is so profitable.  It is also the one that is complained about the most to government agencies because of alleged abusive practices.

Collection agents are not nice people as you may have experiences first hand.  They don’t care what you problems or limitations are.  You may be on your death-bed or so disabled that you are completely unable to work.  When you tell the collectors that they will not care in the least and they will just demand that you pay them unreasonably high payments.  They will tell you to go borrow the money.  They have told disabled clients of mine just to pay immediately or they will sue them.

If one agency gives up on you then they will sell it to another and another.  They will never go away and always come after you.  They will ring you phone hundreds of times a day.  They will fill your mailbox with bills.

Eventually they will sue you in court.  You probably will not go to court or answer (most people don’t) and they will get a default judgment against you.  Now they can collect anytime they want.  They can lien homes, garnish wages, take your bank accounts or even get you into court for a debtor’s exam.  All of these things are bad, unpleasant and to be avoided.

Bankruptcy can end all this nonsense though and it is the only way I know to get out of these debts short of paying these people.  If you don’t have the money then paying is out of the question and that only leaves bankruptcy.  It may be time to admit this fact and begin to look into filing.  Bankruptcy will stop all collection efforts and stop these collectors from calling or suing or garnishing or liening or taking any other action to collect your debt.  (See here for additional reasons for why you should file for bankruptcy).

After your discharge you no longer owe the debt.  It’s a wonderful happy feeling on that day.  So think about it, call a bankruptcy attorney, and begin considering the real possibility of escaping your debts before they drown you.

Please visit my website for more blogs and really good bankruptcy information at www.farquharlaw.com or www.freshstartsandiego.com.   Or call my office for a free consultation at (619) 702-5015.  For my e-book, 13 things you should do to prepare for bankruptcy, e-mail me at farquharesq@yahoo.com.

Did you receive a notice of garnishment of your wages? Bankruptcy can stop it and get some of your money back that has already been taken!

Many of my clients come to me with wage garnishments already in place or they have received notice that one is about to begin.  A wage garnishment is when a creditor can reach out to your employer and seize part of your paycheck for some debt you owe.  These creditors are limited to taking no more than 25% of your take-home pay.  This amount can be large though and can make the difference in whether you can afford to pay your bills or not.

Before creditors can get this garnishment in California they must go to court and get a judgment and then file for the wage garnishment with your employer.  Once they get it the garnishment will continue until the debt is paid in full which can be some time if the debt is large.

Some of my clients have a $20,000 or $30,000 credit card debt or vehicle deficiency debt that is being garnished from their wages.  Most of these people can’t afford to pay their ongoing bills with their current income and a 20% pay cut makes their situation impossible.

It is best to catch this before the garnishment hits your paycheck but the good news is that bankruptcy can stop this immediately from happening.  If we catch the garnishment before it starts that is best.  But if we do not we can still stop it and wipe out the underlying debt.  We can even get back some or all of your money garnished if we file within 90 days of the garnishment beginning.  We will send a request to the creditor that they return the money and most will return it if a bankruptcy case has been filed.

So don’t despair if you receive a garnishment notice.  It is not the end of the world.  A wage garnishment can be stopped and the money can usually be returned.  You just need to call a bankruptcy attorney, let the attorney analyze your case, and file the bankruptcy.  And don’t worry about whether you owe the money or not and don’t worry about not paying it back.  It’s your federal right to file for bankruptcy and get a fresh start with your debts discharged so contact an attorney today and begin the process to return your income to you.

I am a bankruptcy lawyer practicing bankruptcy law in San Diego, CA.  For more information please visit my website at www.farquharlaw.com or www.freshstartsandiego.com.  Or call my office for a free consultation at (619) 702-5015.  Call now for a free credit report and analysis!

If you are considering bankruptcy and want to receive the Free e-book; “13 Things You Should Do To Prepare For Filing Bankruptcy” then please e-mail me at: farquharesq@yahoo.com.

Has a creditor threatened you with jail if you don’t pay them? FDCPA says this is illegal!

Has a creditor threatened you with jail for non-payment of a monetary debt?  This is most probably illegal according to the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA).  Collectors often harass and threaten debtors with all sorts of things that they have no right to threaten.  They will often threaten jailing you if you don’t pay today!  A person just contacted me with this problem and the client was threatened by a creditor to have police show up at their work and arrest them if they did not pay today!  And this creditor did not even file a lawsuit yet!

This is clearly illegal!  With no lawsuit filed there is no judgment and with no judgment no legal right to collect on this debt.  This creditor would have to first obtain this judgment which would give them the right to collect but in California there is no going to jail for owing strictly monetary debts.  And to threaten that police will show up at someone’s work and arrest them when they cannot is a violation of FDCPA section 807(4).

In that section it clearly states that an implication that non-payment will result in arrest or imprisonment unless that action is legal and intended by the party is a violation of this law.  In my client’s case there is no arresting or jailing someone for owning monetary debts so this threat was a violation of the law.  If my client could prove it then we could win damages against this collector.  I told this person to tell the collector that they were recording the call next time and see how fast he hangs up.

Section 807(5) restates this and says that any threat to take any action that is not legal or intended is a violation of the FDCPA.  So this collector violated this section too.  My question is can we get this guy to say this clearly into the microphone so we can replay it for the judge?

So don’t take any crap off of these creditors.  I hate to hear these stories and I answer these e-mails immediately.  We live in a great country where we pride ourselves in our freedom but if these collectors can violate the law with impunity then it threatens all of us.

In a previous blog I discussed how these collectors by far receive the greatest number of complaints to the Federal Trade Commission.  They routinely harass, threaten, bother and annoy people and they are now routinely violating the law I believe.  So know your rights and don’t allow them to bamboozle you.

I am an attorney who practices bankruptcy law in California.  For more information please visit my websites at www.farquharlaw.com or www.freshstartsandiego.com .  Or call my office for a free consultation at (619) 702-5015.  Call now for free credit report and analysis! 

If you or someone you know needs to file bankruptcy please get my FREE E-BOOK; 13 THINGS YOU SHOULD DO TO PREPARE FOR YOUR BANKRUPTCY FILING” by e-mailing me at: farquharesq@yahoo.com.

Don’t put you head in the sand- your creditors will not stop hounding you until you pay them or file bankruptcy!

Many of my clients have debts that are very old.  Collection agents have long since been brought in and my clients are being called on the phone sometimes 20 times a day to pay these debts.  It’s especially vexing if you have a number of these collectors each trying to call you numerous times a day.  Most people in this position have long since stopped answering the phone.

Creditor harassment can really affect your life.  It makes you constantly uptight, nervous and upset.   You know in the back of your mind that something must be done about these debts.  Many people can get seriously depressed about their debt.  This can lead to all sorts of bad consequences.  If this is you or someone you know then read this.

The point of all this is why live this way when it is totally unnecessary?  There is an alternative to this and it is filing bankruptcy.  By the time these collectors are calling you this often on this many debts its clear that you cannot pay them.  Its time to get your head out of the sand and admit the reality that is staring you in the face.

These collectors will not stop pursuing you and they will call, fax, e-mail, and send you letters continuously until something is done about the debt.  If they can’t get ahold of you for an extended period then they will usually file a lawsuit against you in state court.  This filing goes on your credit report and should be avoided if possible.

Once these creditors get a judgment against you in state court they will use all available attempts to collect on that judgment like garnishing your wages, seizing you bank accounts, putting a lien on your real estate, or getting you into court for a debtor’s exam.  If you miss the debtor’s exam they can issue a warrant for your arrest.

I know this because one of my clients got one of these debtor’s exam notices recently.  In his case we were able to file his bankruptcy the night before he was due in court and that stopped the whole collection process.   The point is though that all of these things are bad for you and they can only cause you trouble or loss of money, probably both.

The good news is that filing bankruptcy stops all of this whether you have been sued or not.  Please stop trying to avoid the reality of the debts.  Don’t be the ostrich!  Bankruptcy, debt relief, happiness and freedom are only a phone call away!

I am a bankruptcy attorney practicing in San Diego.  For further help please visit my website at www.farquharlaw.com.