Short Sale and foreclosure- watch out for the small lenders! Can bankruptcy help?

I believe that short sales are preferrable to foreclosures because of the credit score hit that you take in a foreclosure.  Most large banks should readily do a short sale for you but watch out for small lenders who may lure you in with the promise of a short sale only to cancel the short sale at the last-minute and sell the house at auction.  Watch out for the game they play where they lure you in thinking you have a short sale approved only to find out that you don’t and the house is sold at auction to a third-party buyer.

Don’t worry the big banks are involved in 95% of loans these days so chances are you don’t have a small lender at all.  The big banks like Chase, Wells Fargo, and B of A are usually all very amenable to short sales.  They have too much foreclosed housing inventory currently and they prefer to execute short sales of homes whenever possible.  My realtor told me of a case where they told the owner to go get a realtor and do a short sale.  They apparently had no interest in a foreclosure if it could be avoided with a short sale.

This is good for you because short sales are better for your credit score.  A foreclosure can last longer on you credit report than even a bankruptcy which prevents you from getting a FHA loan for 2 years.  A foreclosure prevents FHA loans for 3 years traditionally and there are stories of them precluding FHA loans for 5 years.  A short sale appears on your credit report as a “settled” debt which is also two years so even with a bankruptcy you would only have to wait two years for a loan.

The problem I just faced in a case was with a small bank that falls in the 5% of loans category.  My client had his loan sold from a big bank to one of these small ones years ago.  We attempted to do a short sale on the property but the bank stalled our efforts from the beginning.  In the end we had a great buyer and all the docs in and the bank came up with an excuse at the last-minute and went ahead with the sale on the courthouse steps.  It was clear after that they never really wanted a short sale at all and that they were determined to do a foreclosure from the beginning.  I just wish they told us that before we jumped through all the hoops and wasted everyone’s time.

We looked up this company and discovered that they approve less than 10% of short sales brought to them.  We speculated that they are getting some government bonus for the foreclosure because the government appears to want to see more foreclosures.  It seems silly as this is hurting people’s credit but the government disincentive programs are often hurtful and wrong.

A chapter 7 bankruptcy would have stalled the foreclosure sale it is true (This client had insufficient income to fund a chapter 13).  But then the bank could have filed an immediate motion for relief from stay and it would have been granted by the bankruptcy court quickly.  Once the relief was granted, the stay lifts and the bank can proceed with the sale.  So a bankruptcy filing can only stall a foreclosure and it will not force a determined bank t accept a short sale.

I just looked up a case for a client who had a stay lifted in 3 weeks and a new sale date scheduled three days after that.  So it’s possible that a chapter 7 bankruptcy will only stall a foreclosure sale for 20 to 30 days.  But it is all dependent on how quickly they file the motion.  I have seen them take 6 weeks to file but two weeks is more common and they could file the motion for relief within just days of the bankruptcy filing.

If you have one of these small banks then the most you can do is stall them with a chapter 7 bankruptcy unless you can afford to fund a chapter 13 for years to come.  Most people cannot afford this so they opt to do a chapter seven or hope that they can get a sale through as we did.  But then you run the risk of the bank pretending to want a short sale and then cancelling it at the last moment when it is too late to file a bankruptcy.

A bankruptcy can still get rid of most of your other debts though if you have them so don’t be afraid to use bankruptcy where necessary.  A chapter 7 can’t stop a foreclosure sale but only delay it though and it can’t get your house back once it’s sold to a third-party buyer.

Beware of the tricks these small banks play on you!

I am a San Diego bankruptcy attorney.  For more information please visit my websites at www.farquharlaw.com or www.freshstartsandiego.com.  Or call for a free consulation on any debt or bankruptcy matter at (619) 702-5015.  Call now for a free credit report and analysis!

If you or someone you know needs to file a bankruptcy then get my FREE E-BOOK “13 THINGS YOU SHOULD DO TO PREPARE FOR YOUR BANKRUPTCY FILING” by emailing me at farquharesq@yahoo.com.

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Shadow market tsunami!- It will take 4 years to sell all of these foreclosed homes! Good time to file bankruptcy.

(For an update on the curent state of foreclosures see this blog:  http://bit.ly/JGU1dZ ).

According to an article in the Daily Real Estate News it will take 4 years to clear the backlog of real estate “shadow inventory”.  The banks don’t admit that they have this inventory but they do.  Now we find out that there is indeed a four-year supply of these homes and the supply appears to be growing.

This is why home prices should remain depressed for some time.  Even if the overall economy turns around the housing market still operates on a supply and demand basis.  If there is this huge inventory of foreclosed homes that the banks are holding off the market then it will take some time before it is moved through the system.  We now get the word that there is this four-year supply of these shadow homes out there waiting to be sold.  I look for housing prices to be depressed for at least that long.

Scarier still is the statistic that this shadow market is up 11% in the fourth quarter of 2010 and up 40% from a year ago and the number of homes that are actually part of this shadow inventory appear to be growing.  According to the article Standard & Poors defines shadow inventory as properties with borrowers who are 90 days or more delinquent on their mortgage payments, properties currently or recently in foreclosure, or properties that are real estate owned (REOs). 

They point out that shadow inventory peaked in 2008 but that is probably because banks are currently waiting longer to foreclose on properties.  I have clients who have homes that they have stopped paying for and that they have moved out of a year or two ago and no foreclosure has been started.  It seems that banks are slowing down their rate of foreclosure processing.  This inaction creates more shadow inventory because there are now more homes that don’t show up on anyone’s radar.  These homes that don’t get moved through the system are in limbo and whether occupied or unoccupied realtors cannot list them for sale.   The number of homes like this are growing.

The article prints a chart where they show the number of months that it will take to clear these shadow homes.  It ranges from a high of 130 months in New York to a low of 25 months in Phoenix.  The other cities are Atlanta 49, Boston 71, Charlotte 65, Chicago 59, Cleveland 57, Dallas 56, Denver 38, Detroit 31, Las Vegas 33, Los Angeles 50, Miami 60, Minneapolis, 38, Portland 51, San Diego 39, San Francisco 42, Seattle 59 Tampa 57, Wash. D.C. 50.  It is clear from this chart that this is a nationwide problem of a shadow inventory of unsold and unlisted homes.

New York alone has $116.7 billion in shadow inventory according to Standard & Poors and because of the slower liquidation rate there New York will take 2.7 times longer to clear this inventory.  Los Angeles has a larger volume of shadow mortgages, $173.1 billion, which amounts to 31.5% of all outstanding mortgages.  L.A. has a faster rate of liquidating distressed properties.  My own city of San Diego has a 39 month backlog of shadow homes.

Default of home mortgage modifications remains high also.  80% of people have defaulted on their modified loans in the past and though the default rate is declining they say it still remains high.  My clients report extreme difficulty in getting their banks to agree to modifications of their mortgages.  It’s discouraging that such a high percentage of modifications go into default if people do in fact manage to get through the very difficult modification process.

The funny part is that the banks repeatedly deny that there is a shadow market or shadow inventory of unsold homes.  Realtors know that there is such a market as they can’t get listings for many of these homes that banks are holding off the market.  If banks now slow down or stall the foreclosure process then it will only increase this shadow inventory and increase the amount of time necessary to clear it before housing prices can rebound.

Don’t be surprised if the real estate market lags well behind any other economic recovery that happens in the country.  It is also possible that this huge inventory will act as a drag on the overall economy and prevent a recovery.  It could become what some have labeled as a “shadow tsunami”.

It is obviously a good time to buy a house though if you are going to keep the home for a while and its a good time to stay in your home longer if you are currently in a foreclosure.  It is also a good time to file for bankruptcy as prices will still be low in two years.  It takes two years to elapse after a bankruptcy before you can get a FHA loan approved.  Don’t allow your home to be sold at a foreclosure sale though as then you will have to wait five to seven years to buy a home.  Better to do a short sale and save your credit.

I am a bankruptcy attorney practicing in San Diego.  Please visit my website at www.farquharlaw.com or www.freshstartsandiego.com.  Or call my office for a free consultation at (619) 702-5015.  Call now for free credit report and analysis! 

For a free e-book: “13 THINGS YOU SHOULD DO TO PREPARE FOR YOUR BANKRUPTCY FILING” please send a request by e-mail to: farquharesq@yahoo.com.

Squatters taking over foreclosed homes all over the country

(Check out my update on squatters here ( http://bit.ly/Iyo3g4  ).

(To see how to get squatters out of your property see here: http://bit.ly/JMX8kG ).

Short sell your home today, protect your credit, and don’t let your former home be used by squatters!

Squatters are moving in foreclosed homes all across the country and taking up residence.  They will seek out a bank owned foreclosed home where the original owner has vacated and then they will break in and occupy the residence.  Sometimes they will put up “no trespassing” signs to keep others and bay.  The utilities are shut off so they will live in the cold and dark and without water and you can imagine what a mess that creates with overflowing toilets.

Police will often not interfere or even know sometimes unless there is a disturbance.  The formerly homeless squatters could then occupy the residence for some time.  One home in Sacramento was apparently taken over and signs appeared that said “private property of sovereign Woman of republic of California” (whatever that means).  But it meant trouble to the neighbors because the squatters apparently also put up signs warning that any trespass would be met with “self-defense” and “justifiable homicide”.  Watch out that your dog or your kids don’t stray onto their lawn!

Neighbors often don’t know what is going on.  These squatters move in with moving trucks and put up signs and the neighbors often think they that they legally own or rent there.  What would you think if a whole crew moved in next door?  Would you think squatters or renters?  Most neighbors do nothing unless thing get so out of hand that the police must be called.  The banks rarely inspect the property so squatters can stay for some time until they are found out.

There is an epidemic of this kind of home takeover according to articles posted all over the internet.  Some of these people appear with phony contracts from bogus realty firms.  Some people fraudulently rent out foreclosed homes that they don’t own to unsuspecting tenants who don’t have a clue.

People who are tenants can then take advantage of the Landlord/Tenant laws  and demand theat they be formally evicted (which takes time).  Some squatters wind up getting cash for keys from the bank even though they illegally occupied the premises after the foreclosure.  (Don’t ask me how they do that).

It appears as if a whole industry could be growing up around occupying these foreclosed homes.  Sometimes “activists” will move in or bring other squatters into a foreclosed home.  Some are calling it a “movement” and social justice  with names like “Take back the land” or “Poor people’s economic human rights campaign”.  These groups will move a whole family into a home and go do the same to another and another.  They move them in, change the locks, and then have the squatters refuse to get out.

Yes, this is happening now across the country.  You might not have thought that it could happen here but some say as we move from a recession to a depression, these things will happen more frequently.  It’s time we start asking the older folks what it was like in the 1930s because here we go again!

I recommend to my bankruptcy clients not to allow their home to end up in this mess.  Short sell it to another family.  It will cost you nothing, because the bank will pay the realtor’s commission, and it will save your credit from a foreclosure.  A short sale will also keep your home from becoming trashed by squatters that the banks are too busy or too clueless to evict.

I am a bankruptcy attorney in San Diego.  For more info see my websites at:  www.farquharlaw.com or www.freshstartsandiego.com.  Or call my office for a free consultation at (619) 702-5015.

For a free e-book: “13 THINGS YOU SHOULD DO TO PREPARE FOR YOUR BANKRUPTCY FILING” please send a request by e-mail to: farquharesq@yahoo.com.